All it takes is one slip-up, and you're dealing with an ankle sprain. In fact, it's one of the most commonly reported musculoskeletal injuries. Whether you're a sprained ankle at any age, an athlete, or just a couch potato, you'll likely experience an ankle sprain at some point in your life. An ankle sprain is caused when one or more ligaments in your ankle become stretched or torn, resulting in pain, swelling, and difficulty walking. Most people try to push through an ankle injury and don't seek medical help. However, if you're experiencing more than mild pain and swelling, you should immediately see a clinician. A severely injured ankle will not heal properly without proper treatment and rehabilitation. Without proper care, your ankle may lose its range of movement and stability, leading to repeated sprains and additional downtime in the future.
Anatomy of Ankle Sprain
The most common ankle sprain is a lateral ankle sprain, also known as an inversion injury. An ankle sprain occurs when the foot rolls inward, causing damage to the ligaments on the outside of the ankle. The ligaments in question are the anterior, or talofibular, ligaments and the posterior, or talofibular ligaments. (The ligaments are bands of connective tissue that attach bone to bone).
In ankle sprains, there are two types of sprains that are less common: those that affect the ligaments in the inner ankle, like medial ankle sprains, and those that hurt the tibioskeletal ligaments. These ligaments are the ones that connect two leg bones, like the tibia and fibula, to the ankle. If you get a syndesmotic ankle sprain, it's more likely that you'll have chronic ankle instability, which can lead to other sprains. The severity of the sprain will depend on how bad it is and how unstable it is. The worse the sprain is, the longer it'll take to recover from it.
Classification of Ankle Sprain
Once the examination is complete, your physician will assess the severity of the sprain in order to determine the appropriate course of treatment. A sprain is classified according to the extent to which the ligaments have been damaged.
Symptoms of Ankle Sprain
If you've sprained your ankle, the signs and symptoms can look different depending on how bad it is.
Causes of Ankle Sprain
A sprain happens when your ankle moves out of alignment, which causes one or more ligaments to get stretched out, partially torn, or torn completely.
A sprained ankle can be caused by a number of things, including:
Risk factors of Ankle Sprain
How to Prevent Ankle Sprain?
The following strategies can be employed to avoid spraining an ankle or a reoccurrence of the injury.